Three exceptional architecture projects from around the globe have been revealed as the 2021 shortlist for the RIBA International Prize by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA). The prestigious biennial award celebrates projects that demonstrate design excellence and social impact.
The shortlisted projects in contention for the world’s best new building are:
- Friendship Hospital, Satkhira, Bangladesh, by Kashef Chowdhury/URBANA A remote community hospital set in the fragile watery landscape of the Bengal, built to withstand the ravages of climate change
- James-Simon-Galerie, Berlin, Germany, by David Chipperfield Architects Berlin A classically inspired entrance building and visitor centre for the world leading cultural destination and Unesco World Heritage Site, Museum Island
- Lille Langebro, Copenhagen, Denmark by WilkinsonEyre and Urban Agency Technically innovative new cyclist and pedestrian bridge that elegantly slides open and revitalises Copenhagen harbour
RIBA President Simon Allford said:
“Our global architecture awards champion buildings that change the world and positively impact the community around them – and these three exemplars certainly deliver. Situated in a range of locations with various purposes, from a communal hospital in Bangladesh to an innovative cyclist and pedestrian bridge in Denmark, these projects are united by human experience at their heart. Collectively they demonstrate sensitivity to their surroundings and local cultures, inclusive design, and sustainable solutions, and set a high bar for architectural excellence around the world.
Congratulations to the talented individuals and practices shortlisted for this international accolade. I look forward to seeing which scheme is selected by our esteemed panel of judges to be named the RIBA International Prize winner.”
The three buildings have been selected following a rigorous judging process, from a long list of 16 exceptional new projects in 11 countries. The winner of the RIBA International Prize and the RIBA International Emerging Architect Prize, which celebrates the future talent of the profession, will be announced in early 2022.
Situated in a largely rural area of south-west Bangladesh that was heavily affected by a major cyclone a few years ago, this eighty-bed, community hospital provides much needed healthcare for the local population. Blending into the surrounding water-laden landscape, the low-cost building is designed to work with and withstand the threat of rising water-levels due to climate breakdown.
The hospital is arranged around a series of intimate courtyards, which bring in light and natural ventilation. A canal of water cuts through the length of the site, separating the inpatients and outpatients, whilst collecting rainwater stored in tanks – a valuable resource in an area where the saline groundwater is unusable for most practical purposes. This outdoor space creates intimate areas for patients and visitors to sit and rest with viewpoints of the local countryside.
Crafted in local brick chosen for its resilient qualities and low cost, openings in the brickwork offer private shaded areas and provide natural cooling for the wards essential for this hot climate.
Kashef Chowdhury, Kashef Chowdhury/URBANA, said: ”It is indeed a great moment when a recognition as important as this helps to bring attention to a remote corner of our incredibly connected but unknowing world, to a project born out of scarce resources, for the care of people and community destined to live in the fragile environment of a climate in flux.”
Museum Island, Berlin is one of the most significant cultural sites in the world, attracting millions of visitors each year. A Unesco World Heritage Site, the James-Simon-Galerie serves as the new entrance building to Museum Island, providing both a new public space for the city and access to the other museums that are situated there, including the Pergamon Museum, the Altes Museum and the refurbished, Chipperfield designed Neues Museum. The building is named after James Simon, one of the city’s most important patrons of the arts in the early 20th century.
The building has been twenty years in the making and is the latest development in Museum Island’s masterplan by the practice. The challenging design brief required a new building that would respond sensitively to its historical context whilst offering a contemporary museum experience within a narrow strip of land on the island. The architects have created a design that blends the Neoclassical with the modern. The commanding temple-like entrance way, colonnaded walkway that wraps around the building and projects out to the city and lofty interior lobby space is monumental in scale and stature. The main visitor facilities lie within the subterranean spaces of the building, including an exquisitely crafted 300-seat auditorium and temporary exhibition gallery. This lower floor of the galerie leads to an underground walkway through which visitors can access the surrounding museums.
David Chipperfield, David Chipperfield Architects, said: ”We are honoured and grateful that the James-Simon-Galerie has been shortlisted by the jury for the RIBA International Prize. Our work on the museum island began more than twenty years ago with the reconstruction of the Neues Museum and the development of the museum island masterplan. The James-Simon-Galerie evolved out of this long collaboration that engaged us deeply, not only in the museological, architectural and civic opportunities and challenges of the museum island but also in the complex considerations and debate concerning the reconstruction of Berlin after the reunification of Germany.”
Enhancing Copenhagen’s waterfront and its reputation as the world’s best city for cycling, the Lille Langebro cycle and pedestrian bridge, which sits alongside the highly trafficked Langebro bridge, offers a safe and accessible crossing for the thousands of cyclists and pedestrians that cross the canal every day, connecting the city centre and the historic district of Christianshavn.
At 160m long, the bridge follows a gently curved path across the water, giving the bridge a light and slender visual profile that allows views across the harbour. The surrounding structural supports create two giant wings on either side of the deck and along with the pier arms are painted in dark grey to blend in with the water. At the centre of the bridge, two rotating sections swing open vertically, allowing for marine traffic to pass through. The mechanism is buried within the bridge’s piers and opening structure so as not to interrupt the continuous sweeped line across the water. This is the first time this engineering approach has been used in swinging bridge design, breaking new ground in the field.
Jim Eyre, Founding Director at WilkinsonEyre, said: “Lille Langebro has proved to be a popular project with Copenhagers whether on two feet or two wheels; I think it has fully justified the vision and commitment of our client Realdania. We are delighted the project is now recognised by the RIBA International Awards and hope the design makes a lasting contribution to its delightful setting.”